As I talk to parents, homeschoolers, and teachers science and math come up over and over again as classes that are difficult. I’ve heard lots of different reasons including science is expensive, science is intimidating, and there is time to learn science later. What? When is this later you speak of?
We can all agree that isn’t the ideal situation. If you don’t feel like you have the knowledge or understanding of the subject to spout facts like a dictionary, that is still great. You can change how you approach science.
The 5E model of instruction.
This model of instruction serves as a road map for learning. It puts the emphasis on the student to explore the world and make connections. The instructor’s role is more as a support team member.
The biggest job of the teacher in the 5E model is to redirect students and ask probing questions. The teacher is modeling what it means to investigate and discover new information. The teacher and student are part of a learning team. Sound good? (Grab a sample 5E lesson)
What are the 5Es?
Capture your students’ interest. This is a time to help activate any previously learned information. Examples would be reading a book or conducting a demonstration.
Allows students to a chance to discover. Students can watch videos, build models, create scenarios. You got their interest early, but this phase lets them see connections between what caught their interest and the science.
Provide vocabulary for students to explain what they have seen in the exploration and engagement phases. At this stage, you can identify misconceptions, clarify concepts and misconceptions, and begin to introduce the scientific vocabulary. Remember this is a time for the student to try to explain what they are seeing.
Time to challenge students to apply, extend, or elaborate on their new knowledge and skills. Creating a deeper more meaningful understanding of the material. This is also a time for the teacher to see if there are remaining misconceptions. Give them additional or new materials and have the students experiment again.
If you don’t know the answer look it up. This is a great time for your student(s) to see you as a learner ( that old idea that learning is never finished).
Take the time to check for understanding during the process and at the end. This includes formal assessments like papers, test, and quizzes and informal assessments like class discussions, exit tickets, and journal entries. Assessment can be as diverse as teachers and students. Have a little fun with the ways you evaluate students!
Need more resources?
I have a FREE guide to help you create your own 5E Lesson. You can enter your information below to have the guide sent directly to your inbox.